Antonio Berni (Rosario, Santa Fe, May 14, 1905 - Buenos Aires, October 13, 1981) he was a painter, engraver, sculptor and muralist, borned in Argentina, and one of the most renowned artists in the country, characterized by the strong social content of his work.
In 1932 Berni entered the world of Mafia and prostitution in Rosario, only to collaborate as a photographer, and would also portray the life of men in rural areas. "The artist is obliged to live with his eyes open and at that time (1930´s) the dictatorship, unemployment, misery, worker strikes, hunger and popular pots create a tremendous reality that broke the eyes"; I would say Berni in 1976. Thus began the stage of "social realism".
During 1951, 1952 and 1953 Berni went to Santiago del Estero where he made the series "Motivos santiagueños", in the midst of the logging of forests that suffered that region. On his return, he began to seek new inspiration, until in 1958 - 1959 clearly emerged what would later become his most famous character, Juanito Laguna; a short time later Ramona Montiel would also appear.
In 1976 Berni goes to New York and presented at the Bonino Gallery an exhibition entitled "The Magic of Everyday Life". Between April and May 1981 Berni immerses himself in the theme of the Apocalypse by exhibiting the murals made for the chapel of the Institute of San Luis Gonzaga in General Las Heras. Also in that year he would bear clear witness to the great theme of his life: "The Fate of Man". "Christ in the Garage", a work on fabric of great dimensions, is an ordinary man who occupies the center of space.
In 1983 Berni passed away. A few days earlier, in an interview, he said: "Art is a response to life. Being an artist is to undertake a risky way of living, is to adopt one of the greatest forms of freedom, is to make no concessions. As for painting, it's a form of love."