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José Antonio Fernández Muro was born on January 3, 1920 in Madrid, Spain, in 1938, at the age of 18, and soon began his studies in the workshop of the Catalan painter Vicente Puig. 
He finished his first exhibition at the famous Argentine gallery Witcomb in 1944. And in 1948 he exhibited at the Buchholz Gallery in Madrid. 

Fernández Muro was part of the Artistas Modernos Group, created by Aldo Pellegrini, and his membership in that group led him to exhibit in places such as Buenos Aires, Amsterdam, Rio de Janeiro and Santiago de Chile. 
In 1958 he obtained a UNESCO scholarship to study Museology at the Louvre school and attend a course in Contemporary Art taught by Francastel at La Sorbonne.

The same year he received the Gold Medal of Painting at the Brussels Fair and in 1960 the Guggenheim Prize. 
between 1962 and 1969 he lived in New York between 1962 and 1969, where he assimilated the influences of graffiti, written word and pop. 
In 1970 he moved to Spain, where he lived until his death on 14 March 2014. 
Fernández Muro modified his technique and style over time. And his abstract art went from Impressionism to purely mathematical.

He was influenced by neo-expressionism of the Die Breke movement and, from the mid-20th century, began to experiment with constructivism.

His works are in important collections; including the Spanish Museum of Contemporary Art, Madrid; National Museum of Fine Arts, Buenos Aires; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Museum of Fine Arts, Caracas; Museum of Spanish Abstract Art, Basin; ARCO Art Collection, Los Angeles; Metropolitan Museum, Miami; Blanton Museum of Art (Austin, Texas).